WELCOME to the “Hermon A. MacNeil” — Virtual Gallery & Museum !

~ This Gallery celebrates Hermon Atkins MacNeil,  of the Beaux Arts School American classic sculptor of Native images and American history.  ~ World’s Fairs, statues, monuments, coins, and more… ~ Hot-links ( lower right) lead to works by Hermon A. MacNeil.   ~ Over 300 of stories & 4,000 photos form this virtual MacNeil Gallery stretching east to west  New York to New Mexico ~ Oregon to S. Carolina.   ~ 2016 marked the 150th Anniversary of Hermon MacNeil’s birth. ~~Do you WALK or DRIVE by MacNeil sculptures DAILY!  ~ CHECK OUT Uncle Hermon’s works!     Daniel Neil Leininger, webmaster

DO YOU walk by MacNeil Statues and NOT KNOW IT ???

Archive for Statue

Hermon MacNeil’s Commander-in-Chief

George Washington on Arch in NYC

General George Washington with Flags (U.S. and POW/MIA) ~ Washington Arch Greenwich, NYC (Photo courtesy of: Gibson Shell – 2011)

Hermon MacNeil was a Red-White-and-Blue Sculptor of American History. 

click BELOW for MORE.

 

INDEPENDENCE DAY

 

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Images  of

Independence

from the sculptures of

Hermon Atkins MacNeil …

 

Happy 4th of July

from Dan Leininger, Webmaster

The Stars and Stripes fly day and night at the home of Webmaster Dan Leininger in South Dakota. They are illuminated dusk to dawn by automatic lighting. (The tie, however, only waves on special occasions like July 4th.)

 

Related posts:

  1. INDEPENDENCE DAY Images ~ from Hermon A. MacNeil (7.4) Here are a few images of  Independence from Hermon Atkins…
  2. MacNeil Month ~~ February 2016 ~~ 150 Years (6) The year 2016 marks the sesquicentennial of the birth of…
  3. Hermon MacNeil at the 1893 Columbian Exposition ~ ~ ~ THE CHICAGO YEARS ~ ~ (6) CHICAGO YEARS:  Partners and Colleagues When Hermon MacNeil came home to the…
  4. More “Confederate Defenders” Protests; AND Ten Years Ago on this Website. (6) Sunday (July 12, 2020) saw continued protest at the Confederate…
  5. Hermon MacNeil and Hamlin Garland ~ ~ Connections Through the Years – Part 3 (6) Hermon MacNeil met Hamlin Garland in Chicago. Hermon MacNeil Hermon…
  6. MacNeil’s Bust of John Stewart Kennedy ~ 100 Years Ago ~ THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY (5.8)  A BRIEF NOTE from the Webmaster:  “We did not discover…
 
Hermon MacNeil included  2 Fasces
 
in his design for the
 
East Pediment

MacNeil – Supreme Court

 

 

The 2 Fasces of the East Pediment.   On Left in yellow circle: Man with traditional fascis. On Right in green circle: Woman with a grain sheath Fascis.

Additional Examples of 

FASCES in Washington, D.C. Capitol Area:

Two fasces appear on either side of the flag of the United States behind the podium in the United States House of Representatives, with bronze examples replacing the previous gilded iron installments during the remodeling project of 1950.[9]

Podium of the

U. S. House of Representatives:

Podium of the U. S. House of Representatives

 

These 2 large Bronze fasces frame both sides of the Flag of the United States behind the podium in the United States House of Representatives.  These larger-than-life bronze examples replaced the previous gilded iron installments during the remodeling project of 1950.[9]

 

Lincoln Memorial:

Daniel Chester Frenches tribute to

Lincoln’s Preservation of the Union

Seated In the marble throne supported by two Roman fasces symbols, Daniel Chester French’s “Lincoln” gazes contemplatively over the “preserved Union.”

At the Lincoln Memorial, Lincoln’s seat of state bears the fasces—without axes—on the fronts of its arms; fasces also appear on the pylons flanking the main staircase leading into the memorial.

Mercury Dime — Winged Liberty (reverse)

Fasces from the reverse of the Liberty (Winged Mercury) Dime minted from 1916 to 1945.

Another sculptor and colleague of Hermon MacNeil, Adolph Weinman, used a fasces motif in his coin design. The reverse of the Mercury Dime, the design [used until the adoption of the current FDR dime in 1945], features a fasces on the reverse side (tails).

“The Mercury dime is a ten-cent coin struck by the United States Mint from late 1916 to 1945. Designed by Adolph Weinman and also referred to as the Winged Liberty Head dime, it gained its common name because the obverse depiction of a young Liberty, identifiable by her winged Phrygian cap, was confused with the Roman god Mercury..

Other Uses of the “Fasces” in Art and Insignia.

  1.  Statue of Freedom  Fasces ring the base of the Statue of Freedom atop the United States Capitol building
  2. A frieze on the facade of the United States Supreme Court building depicts the figure of a Roman centurion holding a fasces, to represent “order”[10]
  3. The National Guard uses the fasces on the seal of the National Guard Bureau, and it appears in the insignia of Regular Army officers assigned to National Guard liaison and in the insignia and unit symbols of National Guard units themselves; for instance, the regimental crest of the 71st Infantry Regiment (New York) of the New York National Guard consisted of a gold fasces set on a blue background
  4. The official seal of the United States Tax Court bears the fasces at its center
  5. Four fasces flank the two bronze plaques on either side of the bust of Lincoln memorializing his Gettysburg Address at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
  6. The seal of the United States Courts Administrative Office includes a fasces behind crossed quill and scroll
  7. In the Washington Monument, there is a statue of George Washington leaning on a fasces
  8. A fasces is a common element in US Army Military Police heraldry, most visibly on the shoulder sleeve insignia of the 18th Military Police Brigade and the 42nd Military Police Brigade
  9. A fasces also appears shoulder sleeve insignia of the US Army Reserve Legal Command
  10. Seated beside George Washington, a figure holds a fasces as part of The Apotheosis of Washington, a fresco mural suspended above the rotunda of the United States Capitol Building.
  11. On the podium of the Emancipation Memorial in Washington D.C., beneath Abraham Lincoln‘s right hand.  See Also: Capitol Hill Parks , National Capital Parks-East
  12. On the obverse of the 1896 $1 Educational Series note there is a fasces leaning against the wall behind the youth.
  13. In the Oval Office, above the door leading to the exterior walkway, and above the corresponding door on the opposite wall, which leads to the president’s private office; note: the fasces depicted have no axes, possibly because in the Roman Republic, the blade was always removed from the bundle whenever the fasces were carried inside the city, in order to symbolize the rights of citizens against arbitrary state power (see above). 

~~

 

Seated In the marble throne supported by two Roman fasces symbols, Lincoln gazes contemplatively over the “preserved Union.”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasces Fasces article at Wikipedia

 

Federal fasces iconography

Emancipation Memorial

Emancipation Memorial
 
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The Hermon MacNeil’s sculpture of the

East Pediment contains a hidden fasces.

~ The Fasces  (located to the left of Confucius) rests on the shoulder of the man holding the boy.  They represent the enforcement of the law and its passing on to coming generations.

A Fasces is a bound bundle of wooden rods, sometimes including an axe with its blade emerging. The fasces is an Italian symbol that had its origin in the Etruscan civilization and was passed on to ancient Rome, where it symbolized a magistrate’s power and jurisdiction. Wikipedia

~ Is There a

2nd Fasces?

~ The Female figure to the right is resting another bound form on her shoulder.

I had imagined it was a Sheaf of grain with leaves extended to the right.  There is also a young girl (half visible to her right).  Again the presence of the YOUTH suggests ‘the “Carrying on” of civilization through a internal knowledge of right and wrong’.

But being bound as a fasces,

it shares that same symbolism of

power and jurisdiction” 

MacNeil described the right side or the Pediment as

tempering justice with mercy, allegorically treated”.

Visitors often miss the East Pediment of the Supreme Court Building because it is located at the rear of the building. This sculptural group was designed by Hermon A. MacNeil (1866–1947), an artist who studied under the masters of classical architecture and design. Cass Gilbert (1859–1934), the architect of the building, worked closely with MacNeil from 1932 to 1934 to create the thirteen symmetrically balanced allegorical figures. MacNeil submitted the following description of his work to the Supreme Court Building Commission:

“Law as an element of civilization was normally and naturally derived or inherited in this country from former civilizations. The ‘Eastern Pediment’ of the Supreme Court Building suggests therefore the treatment of such fundamental laws and precepts as are derived from the East. Moses, Confucius and Solon are chosen as representing three great civilizations
and form the central group of this Pediment.

Flanking this central group—left—is the symbolical figure bearing the means of enforcing the law. On the right a group tempering justice with mercy, allegorically treated. The ‘Youth’ is brought into both these groups to suggest the “Carrying on” of civilization through the knowledge imbibed of right and wrong. The next two figures with shields; Left – The settlement of disputes between states through enlightened judgment. Right—Maritime and other large functions of the Supreme
Court in protection of the United States. The last figures: Left—Study and pondering of judgments. Right – A tribute to the fundamental and supreme character of this Court.

Finale—The fable of the Tortoise and the Hare.”~

Fasces

Fasces is a bound bundle of wooden rods, sometimes including an axe with its blade emerging. The fasces is an Italian symbol that had its origin in the Etruscan civilization and was passed on to ancient Rome, where it symbolized a magistrate’s power and jurisdiction. Wikipedia

Related posts:

  1. SUPREME COURT – Arrival at last! (16.7) “Slow but steady wins the race.”  So said Aesop in…
  2. Moses, Confucius, and Solon at Supreme Court (16.5) The East Pediment of the Supreme Court of the United…
  3. Hermon MacNeil’s Supreme Court Sculptures: ~ ~ ~ Moses Revisited ~ ~ ~ (16.3) When the Supreme Court justices considered whether the Ten Commandments…
  4. Hermon MacNeil’s Supreme Court Sculptures: ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ The Tortoise & the Hare Revisited ~ ~ ~ (15.2)    At each corner of the East Pediment of the…
  5. JOURNEY TO SUPREME COURT: ~ Finds plenty of Sculpture along the way in Washington D.C. … (14.4) I recently visited our nation’s Capitol with family. Sculpture and…
  6. Tortoise and Hare taken to Supreme Court (13.6) Hermon MacNeil has taken the Tortoise and the Hare to…
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After the adoption of the US Constitution in 1789 and for the next 146 years, the United States Supreme Court had no permanent home.   Briefly from 1789 to 1800, the Federal Government functioned out of Philadelphia, and then New York City until the permanent Capitol was built in the District of Columbia.  Finally, in 1800 the U.S. Federal Government moved into Washington, D.C.

Painting: “British Burn the Capitol, 1814,” Allyn Cox, 1974, Corridor, House wing, First Floor.

The Supreme Court of the United States, however, changed its meeting place a half dozen times within the Capitol.  After the British burned the Capitol in the War of 1812, the Court convened in a private home.  Eventually, from 1860 until 1935, the Court sat in what is now known as the “Old Senate Chamber.”

Hermon Atkins MacNeil (1866 -1947)

Cass Gilbert architect (1859 – 1934)

Though considered a co-equal branch, the Judicial function seemed a “nomadic” tenant of space in the growing Capitol until 1929.  A former President, who later served as Chief Justice, changed that itinerant existence.

Chief Justice Wm. Howard Taft 1921

In 1929 Chief Justice William Howard Taft, who had been President of the United States from 1909 to 1913, persuaded Congress to end this arrangement and authorize the construction of a permanent home for the Court.  Architect Cass Gilbert was charged by Chief Justice Taft to design “a building of dignity and importance suitable for its use as the permanent home of the Supreme Court of the United States.”  [Gilbert and Taft were both Ohioans and life long friends.]

Neither Taft nor Gilbert survived to see the Supreme Court Building completed. Construction proceeded under the direction of Chief Justice Hughes and architects Cass Gilbert, Jr., and John R. Rockart. The construction, begun in 1932, was completed in 1935, when the Court was finally able to occupy its own building.

Hermon MacNeil and Architects

Hermon MacNeil trained in Paris at the Ecole de Beaux Arts with both sculptors and architects.  He later won the Reinhart Prize and again studied with architects and sculptors from 1896 to 1899 at the American Academy in Rome.

The New York Architectural League wanted an award medallion to present to architects and sculptors.  They commissioned Hermon MacNeil to create a suitable medal.   Photos of MacNeil’s original clay masters may be viewed here: [CLICK HERE].   These clay were reduced onto the steel dies used  press the final medallions pictured below.

Later A. A. Weinman and Hermon MacNeil were both awarded this commemorative creation.  Weinman designed the Walking Liberty half dollar and the Mercury dime 

The actual medal presented to Weinman is pictured below.  It resides in the webmaster’s private collection.

New York Architectural League Medal.  Designed by Hermon MacNeil this is the actual medallion awarded to A. A. Weinmann.  https://www.pafa.org/museum/collection/item/medal-honor-sculpture-architectural-league-new-york Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts

Hermon MacNeil and Cass Gilbert

MacNeil added sculptures to at least two of Cass Gilbert’s many buildings and monument projects.

  1. United States Supreme Court 1928-1935[9] Washington, DC
  2. St. Louis Art Museum 1901-1904[12] Saint Louis, MO

 

MacNeil & the Supreme Court Building

The Supreme Court website suggests Gilbert was directly involved with the sculptor’s designs.

Cass Gilbert, the building’s architect, worked closely with MacNeil from 1932 to 1934 to create the thirteen symmetrically balanced figures above the Corinthian portico. 

The central marble figures on this rarely noticed eastern pediment depict the theme “Justice – The Guardian of Liberty.”  Sculptor MacNeil’s central figures represent three great Eastern civilizations from which our laws are derived.  These figures portray lawgivers: Moses (receiver of Hebrew Ten Commandments) flanked by Confucius (Chinese philosopher and teacher) and Solon (Athenian lawmaker, statesman, and poet).  Confucius is on the viewers’ left, Solon to the right, both flanking Moses with his hands on two separate tablets. 1

MacNeil & the St. Louis Art Museum (Palace of Fine Arts).

 

To view this collaboration from 1912: CLICK HERE 

 

 

 


Photos:

  1.  Painting: “British Burn the Capitol, 1814,” Allyn Cox, 1974, Corridor, House wing, First Floor. (https://www.aoc.gov/explore-capitol-campus/blog/most-magnificent-ruin-burning-capitol-during-war-1812)
  2. “The East Pediment”  https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/east_pediment_11132013.pdf. SEE ALSO: “Religious Symbols Inside & Outside the U.S. Supreme Court Building”.  Assembled by Nathaniel Segal 2014  http://nathanielsegal.mysite.com/TenCommandments/10SupremeCourtBuilding.html
  3. This Unique “New York Architectural League” Award Medal links H. A. MacNeil & A. A. Weinman.   Posted by: | here on Sept. 01, 2022  https://hermonatkinsmacneil.com/2022/09/01/this-unique-new-york-architectural-league-award-medal-links-h-a-macneil-a-a-weinman/
  4. “New York Architectural League Medal” ~Original Clay Models saved from the MacNeil Studio ~ 1947 Posted by: | here on Sept. 16, 2022 https://hermonatkinsmacneil.com/2022/09/16/new-york-architectural-league-medal-original-clay-models-saved-from-the-macneil-studio-1947/

Research Sources:

  1. Cass Gilbert Society: Selected Works.  Retrieved at https://www.cassgilbertsociety.org/works/  on May, 20, 2023
  2. Cass Gilbert Society: Biography.  Retrieved at https://www.cassgilbertsociety.org/architect/bio.html  on May, 20, 2023

Julie Tsirkin reports “Debt Limit Deal Reached!”

 

As Will Rogers’ statue watches behind her

Jo Davidson, sculptor, 1921

Thanks to Jo Davidson, 

“Will Rogers” is keeping his eye on Congress!

Hermon MacNeil’s “studio boy” became renowned sculptor Jo Davidson of portrait busts.

Jo Davidson looks uo to his bronze “Will Rogers” in his Paris Studio before came to the U.S.

 Perhaps you saw

Julie Tsirkin,

Capitol correspondent,

report from the U.S. Capitol.

“Debt Limit Deal Reached!”

 Sometimes you just see the “Will’s” legs and the shoes. But Will wanted his eyes kept on Congress.  So “The old head hunter” (Will’s nickname for Jo) made his head turned so he could look down at Congress members as they walked into the Chamber.

 

 

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“There are men running governments

who shouldn’t be allowed

to play with matches.”

Will Rogers

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

I don’t make jokes.

I just watch the government

and report the facts.

Will Rogers

 

 

Will Rogers statue in US Capitol sculpted by Jo Davidson who began his career as a “studio boy” for Hermon MacNeil in College Point.

If you could ever see the marble base it would reveal three words:

Will Rogers

Oklahoma

 

The Washington, D.C. version of the statue was unveiled in 1939.[11] At that unveiling on June 6, Senator Joshua B. Lee said of Rogers’ effect on the United States during the Depression, “His humor was the safety valve for American Life.”[12]  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Will_Rogers_(Davidson)

 

 

The House Connecting corridor is the common visual background for Capitol news briefings.   The nameless, but familiar, dark bronze legs or full statue, represent Will’s last wish.

Last Wish of

 

Will Rogers

“I need to keep my eyes

 

on Congress.”

 

Jo Davidson’s statue watched on January 6, 2021 as raging Trump protestors turned into rioters (mixed with vigilantes) attacking the Capitol Building. [ breaking windows, carrying fire arms, vandalizing desks and offices, creating chaos and danger … ]

Senators were in the Constitutional process of certifying the votes of the Electoral College which  authorizes the Inauguration of the 46th President on January 20, 2021.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

HUMOR from 100 years ago:

(Then tell me if Will Rogers still speaks to us in 2023.)

  1. “When you find yourself in a hole, quit digging.” – Will Rogers
  2. “The short memories of the American voters is what keeps our politicians in office.” – Will Rogers
  3. “If pro is the opposite of con, what is the opposite of Congress?” – Will Rogers
  4. “If stupidity got us in this mess, how come it can’t get us out.” – Will Rogers
  5. “A fool and his money are soon elected.” – Will Rogers
  6. “I don’t make jokes. I just watch the government and report the facts.” – Will Rogers
  7. “The more you observe politics, the more you’ve got to admit that each party is worse than the other.” – Will Rogers
  8. “Ten men in our country could buy the whole world and ten million can’t buy enough to eat.” – Will Rogers
  9. “It takes a lifetime to build a good reputation, but you can lose it in a minute.” – Will Rogers
  10. “An onion can make people cry, but there has never been a vegetable invented to make them laugh.” – Will Rogers
  11. “The difference between death and taxes is that death doesn’t get worse every time Congress meets.” – Will Rogers
  12. “I am not a member of any organized political party — I am a Democrat.” – Will Rogers
  13. “Be thankful we’re not getting all the government we’re actually paying for.” – Will Rogers
  14. “There is no trick to being a humorist when you have the whole government working for you.” – Will Rogers
  15. “All I know is just what I read in the papers, and that’s an alibi for my ignorance.” – Will Rogers

Related posts:

  1. DC Capitol Assault? by “Trump-it-eers!” ~~ What Would Will Rogers Say about January 6, 2021 ? (9.6) Jo Davidson was the “studio boy” for Hermon Atkins MacNeil…
  2. Will Rogers Bedroom ~ Ponca City ~ Post # 4 ~ (7.7) E.W. Marland the colorful oil baron of the 1910s and…

CREDITS:

  1. Photo: Will Rogers Statue https://www.visitthecapitol.gov/exhibitions/timeline/image/will-rogers-jo-davidson-1938
  2. Will Rogers Quotes: https://inspirationfeed.com/will-rogers-quotes/
  3. Will Rogers Bio:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Will_Rogers_(Davidson)

 

Mansion of E. W. Marland in Ponca City, Oklahoma is now a museum.

E.W. Marland the colorful oil baron of the 1910s and 1920s, was also a U.S. Congressman, as well as the 10th Governor of Oklahoma.

His dream was to live in a palace, and so he built this majestic home.The Marland Mansion & Estate, completed in 1928 after nearly three years.

The Marlands’ Mysterious Legacy

CLICK HERE THE FULL STORY:

 

WILL ROGERS BEDROOM

On our recent tour of the Marland Mansion in Ponca City, Oklahoma, we entered the

“Will Rogers Bedroom.”

THE foursome of

  1. E. W. Marland,
  2. Will Rogers,
  3. Jo Davidson and
  4. Hermon MacNeil

seem an unlikely quartet.  

However, their paths crossed multiple times, especially in the “Pioneer Woman” project.

  • Marland recruited Davidson to come to Ponca City where he had built a studio for a sculptor.
  • Davidson completed statues of Marland family members and traveled with Marland across the U.S. in his private railroad car.
  • Marland invited Will Rogers to speak at the unveiling of the “Pioneer Woman”, to great public acclaim.
  • Will Rogers stayed at the Mansion many times.
  • Hermon MacNeil and his student, Jo Davidson, both submitted models for the “Pioneer Woman”.
  • Will Rogers called Davidson “That old head hunter” because he asked to do Will’s portrait so many times.
  • Davidson returned to MacNeil’s studio in 1945 to complete a portrait bust of his teacher, H. A. MacNeil. He then made a unique bronze casting of the piece. It graces the banner of this site.—>>
  • In 1947 the American Academy of Arts and Letters hosted a retrospective featuring nearly 200 of Jo Davidson’s works..

 

The Marland Mansion in Ponca City has a picture of Will Rogers on the Bedroom wall.

 Betty Rogers, widow of Will, signed the photo as follows:

To Governor Marland,

    With Sincere regard,

         Betty Rogers

_________

~~~~~~~~

 

Picture

Will Rogers was the closing speaker at the 1930 unveiling and Dedication of the “Pioneer Woman” statue.

Categories : Location, Oklahoma, Statue
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WHAT YOU FIND HERE.

Here is ONE place to go to see sculpture of Hermon A. MacNeil & his students. Located in cities from east to west coast, found indoors and out, public and private, these creations point us toward the history and values that root Americans.

Daniel Neil Leininger ~ HAMacNeil@gmail.com
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WE DESIRE YOUR DIGITAL PHOTOS – Suggestions

1. Take digital photos of the work from all angles, including setting.
2. Take close up photos of details that you like
3. Look for MacNeil’s signature. Photograph it too! See examples above.
4. Please, include a photo of you & others beside the work.
5. Tell your story of adventure. It adds personal interest.
6. Send photos to ~ Webmaster at: HAMacNeil@gmail.com